Anna Kis, Gabriella Lakatos, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Ádám Miklósi, Enikő Kubinyi
Title of Experiment:
Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris) (Category: Social learning, Animal Species: dog (Canis familiaris))
Department of Ethology, Eötvös University, Budapest
MTA-ELTE Comparative Ethology Research Group
Institute of Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
The main result is the development of a test series measuring social behavior in dogs, a prerequisite indispensable for genotype × phenotype analysis. Previous research has already developed test series for studying behavioral genetic associations (e.g. activity-impulsivity) stressing the importance of direct and precise phenotyping. In the present study we found that the behavioral scales developed on a group of German Shepherds were valid for two populations of Border Collies, as well. Furthermore, as expected based on previously described breed differences, we found that the social behavior of German Shepherds and Border Collies was different.